Columns & Articles

The GlobalEye website is constantly updated with any articles or columns from national media publications such as the New York Times or the Wall Street Journal that are related to studying abroad.

글로벌아이에서는 미셀김원장의 컬럼 및 New york Times, Wall Street Jounal등 국내외 신문방송 매체에 기고된 유학관련 컬럼이나 기사를 업데이트하여 싣고 있습니다.

International Students Stream Into U.S. Colleges 국제학생 미국대학으로 몰려오다 ( Wall Street Joiurnal )
posted by 미셀 / 2015년 07월 15일, Categories: / 6,019 Hits


This column was written by Miriam Jordan on March 24, 2015 FOR THE WALL STREET JOURNAL

[요약} 지금 전례 없이 많은 유학생들이 미국대학에 등록하고 있는데 부유한 중국인과 중동국가의 넉넉한 장학금을 받는 학생들이 주류를 이룬다. 미국토부에 따르면 국제학생은 113만명으로 작년보다 14% 증가하였는데 2010년대비 50%, 2005년대비 85% 증가하였다. 그중 중국학생이 331,371명이고 사우디 아라비아 학생이 81,000이다. 국제학생이 가장 많이 다니는  대학중 2곳은 Purdue U, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign등 주립대학이고. USC, Columbia NYU  등 사립대가 3곳이다. 최근  University of California  at Berkeley and Los Angeles는 캘리포니아 주외의 학생과 외국학생 비율을 계속해서 22%로 유지할 것이라고 발표했다.  Michigan State Unviersity의 경우 국제 학생이 4000명에 육박하는 것은 주목할 만하다.  이렇게 국제 학생이 많다 보니 미국인들 사이에서는 중국학생들의 사치스러움이 미국학생들에게 좋지 않은 영향을 끼치는 점과 성적이 우수한 미국학생이 국제 학생에 밀려 불합격되지 않나 하는 우려가 증가되고 있다. 2001년 911사건 이후 미국은 유학비자를 엄격히 제한하였음에도 불구하고  현재는 국제 학생들이 넘쳐난다. 그렇다고 미국인들이 다 부정적인 견해를 가지고 있는것은 아니다. 일부 입법자들은 경기 활성화를 위하여 유학생 유입을 적극 조장하고 있으며 여전히 많은 학자들은 이들 외국인 졸업자들이 미국 가치관을 전하는 "soft power"로서 미국에 이익을 주고있다고 말한다. 


American universities are enrolling unprecedented numbers of foreign students, prompted by the rise of an affluent class in China and generous scholarships offered by oil-rich Gulf states such as Saudi Arabia.Cash-strapped public universities also are driving the trend, aggressively recruiting students from abroad, especially undergraduates who pay a premium compared with in-state students.

There are 1.13 million foreign students in the U.S., the vast majority in college-degree programs, according to a report to be released Wednesday by the Department of Homeland Security. That represents a 14% increase over last year, nearly 50% more than in 2010 and 85% more than in 2005.

Students from China account for the largest share—331,371 of all international students, or 29%. Nearly 81,000 subjects of the Saudi kingdom are studying in the U.S. this school year, up from about 5,000 in 2000-01. Nearly three-quarters of Saudi students are enrolled in bachelor’s programs or English-language programs that precede starting undergraduate studies here.

Of the top five campuses for international students, two are public universities: Purdue, at No. 2, and the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, at No. 4. The No. 1 school is the University of Southern California, with 12,480 students, according to the report. Columbia ranks No. 3. and New York University comes in at No. 5.

Amid rising costs, shrinking state support and student resistance to tuition increases, foreign students have become crucial to many public universities. Some hire foreign consultants to recruit students overseas, while others send their own staff on scouting missions. Officials at many state universities say the higher-paying students essentially subsidize in-state students.


But the perception that foreign students, in addition to out-of-state Americans, displace state residents has fueled a backlash in some states.

The University of California system recently announced it will cap the percentage of out-of-state and foreign undergraduate students at the Los Angeles and Berkeley campuses at the current level, 22%. University of Iowa regents last year adopted a plan to tie state funding of public universities to the number of in-state students enrolled.

Brenda Nard of Salem, Ore., said she encountered many out-of-state and foreign students during her daughter’s recent college search. “You wrestle with it because you want your kids to have the most opportunity,” she said. “I understand the state needs the money yet I also wonder if it eliminates opportunities for some Oregonians.”

Tina Orwall, a Washington state legislator, in 2012 introduced an amendment to a tuition bill that allowed the University of Washington to increase enrollment as long as the number of in-state residents remained at a minimum level. The amendment, prompted by an influx of both foreign and out-of-state students, passed.

“I was hearing from constituents that their sons and daughters were being denied admission into our state institutions despite being very strong academic students,” she said.

The growth in international students also has caused tensions on some campuses. At Michigan State University, where the Chinese undergraduate population has risen eightfold in nine years to nearly 4,000, staff and students have been promoting dialogue since luxury cars owned by Chinese students were vandalized in 2012.

“There is a widespread notion that dollars are being spent on foreign students and that they are displacing U.S. students, even if in general that isn’t right,” said John Bound, a University of Michigan economist who has studied the influx.

U.S. research universities have long attracted foreigners, typically graduate students on a tight budget who fund their advanced degrees with fellowships and teaching jobs.

After the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, the U.S. restricted student visas. Now, the foreign student population is booming. In particular, “the undergraduate [international] phenomenon has just exploded,” said Mr. Bound.

Some lawmakers are encouraging the trend. In Colorado, legislators passed a law in 2010 that exempts state colleges from a 45% cap on out-of-state students.

The University of Colorado Boulder has a goal for international students to represent 10% of the student population in the next three to five years, up from 6.5% currently. CU’s top three foreign countries for undergraduates today are China, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, respectively.

“We are relatively new to the game,” said CU Boulder admissions director Kevin MacLennan. Last fall, he dispatched staff to 40 countries in a recruitment drive. For the 2015-16 school year, the university saw a 41% jump in international applications for its freshman class. Mr. MacLennan said international students fulfill a vision of “globalizing” the campus. They are also a financial boon, as state funds dwindled to 4% of the university’s budget last year from 12% in 2000.

International undergraduates pay $35,231 annually in tuition and fees, compared with $10,971 for Colorado residents and $33,333 for out-of-state U.S. students.

Unlike many foreigners who earn advanced degrees, most international undergrads say they are committed to returning home after their studies.

“Why would I stay? I don’t have connections here,” said Jinxin Li, a junior studying economics at CU Boulder. “In China, my father knows people; it’s easy to do business.”

Students from countries whose governments pay for their education, such as Saudi Arabia, are obligated to return home.

U.S.-educated Saudis “help direct [their] country toward more openness, broader political freedom and inclusion,” said Daniel Benjamin, a foreign-relations scholar at Dartmouth College.

But, adds the former State Department counterterrorism coordinator, “we shouldn’t imagine that it is risk-free” to offer such students exposure to U.S. values.

The late Egyptian Sayyid Qutb, considered to be the father of modern jihadist thought, shaped his anti-American views just an hour’s drive from Boulder while attending college in Greeley, Colo. And three years of study in North Carolina didn’t divert Kuwaiti Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the operational mastermind of 9/11, from the extremism he had embraced as a teenager, Mr. Benjamin noted.

Yet many scholars say attracting international students is vital to U.S. geopolitical interests. Foreign graduates often become agents of “soft power,” helping spread U.S. values, they say.

“Being engaged with so many different people has changed me,” said Suffyanah Algheithy, a Saudi student at CU Boulder.

Hatem Farag, an undergraduate business major at CU Boulder, said: “Getting out of my comfort zone, which is Saudi Arabia, has enabled me to understand different cultures and perspectives, to add something new to the social dialogue when I finish my education and go home.”

Write to Miriam Jordan at miriam.jordan@wsj.com



Total 23  
no 제목 글쓴이 날짜 조회
23 International Students Stream Into U.S. Colleges 국제학… 미셀 2015-07-15 6020
22 College Ends Free Tuition ( Cooper Union)_ 쿠퍼 유니온 … 미셀 2014-11-03 3278
21 MBC 뉴스 : 유학원 사기 급증에 관한 경고 뉴스… 글로벌아이 2011-05-25 3216
20 중고생 1500명 공짜 미국 유학 admin 2012-05-17 2848
19 유학과 세계관 admin 2012-05-11 2759
18 미국 대학 입학전략 admin 2012-04-26 2732
17 유학과 비자 admin 2012-04-24 1085
16 미 공립학교 교환학생 프로그램 admin 2012-04-22 884
15 유학비용 admin 2012-04-20 847
14 직업교육 admin 2012-04-17 801
13 유학의 손익계산서 admin 2012-04-15 836
12 취업난 겹쳐 최근 관심급증 TOEFL 등 성적 입학… admin 2012-04-12 807
11 조기유학 성공하려면 아이 스스로 원해야 admin 2012-04-02 755
10 예능분야의 유학 admin 2012-03-29 805
9 조기 유학 문제점과 대책 admin 2012-03-26 989
8 세계 속의 미국 대학 admin 2012-03-23 805
7 좋은 미국 가정에 배정 받아야 admin 2012-03-20 827
6 미고교 교환학생 진로 다양 admin 2012-03-13 866
5 마당쇠 돼야 고교 유학 성공 admin 2012-03-10 826
4 전문가 컨설팅 필수 admin 2012-03-09 824
X

Members Login

글로벌아이에듀케이션의 회원가입은 모두 무료입니다.
사이트의 모든 기능을 정상적으로 이용하기 위해서는 회원가입을 하셔야 합니다. 고객님의 문의를 위해 고객지원센터를 운영하고 있습니다. 감사합니다.

ID:
Password:

고객지원센터